We need to install all of Asterisk’s dependencies. These are programs that are required to be installed before you can compile asterisk. This is the list I use, it includes the source compilers, some needed development libraries, as well as some dependencies for various asterisk modules I like to load.
- Install Asterisk dependencies
yum install gcc gcc-c++ make openssl-devel newt-devel ncurses-devel doxygen libtermcap-devel libxml2-devel kernel-devel perl curl curl-devel
- We’ll install a MySQL database server to handle our CDR (call detail records) storage, and also to prepare the way for using the Asterisk Realtime Architecture (the ability to store our configuration parameters in a database as opposed to flat files).
yum install libtool-ltdl libtool-ltdl-devel unixODBC-devel mysql mysql-devel mysql-server mysql-connector-odbc
- Create a directory under /usr/src to keep everything tidy. Download all of the sources for this install.
cd /usr/src mkdir asterisk cd asterisk wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/releases/asterisk-220.127.116.11.tar.gz wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/asterisk-addons-18.104.22.168.tar.gz wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/dahdi-linux-complete/dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz wget http://downloads.digium.com/pub/libpri/libpri-1.4-current.tar.gz tar zxvf asterisk-22.214.171.124.tar.gz tar zxvf asterisk-addons-126.96.36.199.tar.gz tar zxvf dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz tar zxvf libpri-1.4-current.tar.gz
- LibPRI. LibPRI is a library used by TDM cards (T1 / E1 cards, etc). Even if you don’t have one of these cards, it’s safe to install LibPRI – it won’t have any negative effects on your system.
cd /usr/src/asterisk/libpri-188.8.131.52 make clean make make install
- DAHDI. DAHDI means “Digium Asterisk Hardware Device Interface”, it’s pronounced “Daddy”, and it’s the replacement of the old Zaptel driver stack. DAHDI is the set of linux kernel modules and also a set of tools for interfacing with TDM cards. More importantly, DAHDI provides timing to several asterisk components, such as the MeetMe application as well as Music on Hold. If you don’t have a proper timing source installed, you’ll notice lots of stuttering pauses in any kind of audio playback (Music on Hold, IVR prompts, voicemail greetings) from asterisk. If you don’t have any TDM hardware installed in your server, DAHDI also provides a “dummy” driver that will provide a timing source to asterisk.
cd /usr/src/asterisk/dahdi-linux-complete-184.108.40.206+2.3.0/ make all make install make config
- Now you need to configure DAHDI. You do that by editing the following files, based on your situation. The files themselves contain lots of documentation, if you have no TDM cards and are only installing DAHDI for the dummy timing source, you can comment out every driver referenced in the modules file.
nano /etc/dahdi/modules nano /etc/dahdi/system.confSet DAHDI to start automatically and then start it.
chkconfig dahdi on service dahdi start
- Install Asterisk.
cd /usr/src/asterisk/asterisk-220.127.116.11/ make clean ./configure # or ./configure --disable-xmldoc (if you get error) make menuselectChoose which options to install (audio files, voicemail storage, codecs etc.)
make menuselect make make installInstall sample files in /etc/asterisk, install docs/manpages and set to start on boot.
make samples make progdocs make config chkconfig asterisk onCheck Asterisk starts properly, by manually starting asterisk from the command line.
asterisk -vvvvc *CLI> core stop nowAssuming it does start properly, you probably want to start it in the background:
service asterisk start
cd /usr/src/asterisk/asterisk-addons-18.104.22.168 make clean ./configure make menuselectChoose what you do and don't want. Unless you really need oh323, deselect it as it can be the cause of compilation woes. Be sure to select at least the following items:
- Applications – app_addon_sql_mysql
- Call Detail Recording – cdr_addon_mysql
- Resource Modules – res_config_mysql
make make install make samplesEdit /etc/asterisk/cdr_mysql.conf and add 'loguniqueid=yes' to the global section.